Sec. 8. Statements and Disclosure.
Public officials and employees have an obligation to accomplish and submit declarations under oath of, and the public has the right to know, their assets, liabilities, net worth and financial and business interests including those of their spouses and of unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.

(A) Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Financial Disclosure. - All public officials and employees, except those who serve in an honorary capacity, laborers and casual or temporary workers, shall file under oath their Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and a Disclosure of Business Interests and Financial Connections and those of their spouses and unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.

The two documents shall contain information on the following:

  • (a) real property, its improvements, acquisition costs, assessed value and current fair market value;
  • (b) personal property and acquisition cost;
  • (c) all other assets such as investments, cash on hand or in banks, stocks, bonds, and the like;
  • (d) liabilities, and;
  • (e) all business interests and financial connections.

The documents must be filed:

  • (a) within thirty (30) days after assumption of office;
  • (b) on or before April 30, of every year thereafter; and
  • (c) within thirty (30) days after separation from the service.

All public officials and employees required under this section to file the aforestated documents shall also execute, within thirty (30) days from the date of their assumption of office, the necessary authority in favor of the Ombudsman to obtain from all appropriate government agencies, including the Bureau of Internal Revenue, such documents as may show their assets, liabilities, net worth, and also their business interests and financial connections in previous years, including, if possible, the year when they first assumed any office in the Government.

Husband and wife who are both public officials or employees may file the required statements jointly or separately.

The Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and the Disclosure of Business Interests and Financial Connections shall be filed by:

  1. Constitutional and national elective officials, with the national office of the Ombudsman;
  2. Senators and Congressmen, with the Secretaries of the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively; Justices, with the Clerk of Court of the Supreme Court; Judges, with the Court Administrator; and all national executive officials with the Office of the President.
  3. Regional and local officials and employees, with the Deputy Ombudsman in their respective regions;
  4. Officers of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain, with the Office of the President, and those below said ranks, with the Deputy Ombudsman in their respective regions; and
  5. All other public officials and employees, defined in Republic Act No. 3019, as amended, with the Civil Service Commission.

(B) Identification and disclosure of relatives. - It shall be the duty of every public official or employee to identify and disclose, to the best of his knowledge and information, his relatives in the Government in the form, manner and frequency prescribed by the Civil Service Commission.



Backgrounding Officials

Documents to look for
  • Official biodata
  • Newspapers, magazines, and newsletters
  • Biographies, family histories, genealogies, and Who's Who Directories and yearbooks
  • Listings of trade and professional organizations
  • Statements of assets
  • Land records
  • Corporate records
  • Vehicle registration records
  • Licenses and permits (for firearms, business, etc.)
  • School records
  • Civil registry records (birth, marriage, etc.)
  • Voter registration records
  • Record of campaign expenditures
  • Speeches and papers
  • Immigration (arrival and departure) records

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