ACT NO. 6713
Code of Ethics for Government Officials and Employees
ACT establishing a Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for public
officials and employees, to uphold the time-honored principle of public
office being a public trust, granting incentives and rewards for exemplary
service, enumerating prohibited acts and transactions and providing
penalties for violations thereof and for other purposes
Sec. 1. Title.
This Act shall be known as the “Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards
for Public Officials and Employees.”
Sec. 2. Declaration of Policies.
It is the policy of the State to promote a high standard of ethics
in public service. Public officials and employees shall at all times
be accountable to the people and shall discharge their duties with
utmost responsibility, integrity, competence, and loyalty, act with
patriotism and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold public interest
over personal interest.
Sec. 3. Definition of Terms.
As used in this Act, the term:
'Government' includes the National Government, the local
governments, and all other instrumentalities, agencies or branches
of the Republic of the Philippines including government-owned
or controlled corporations, and their subsidiaries.
'Public Officials' includes elective and appointive officials
and employees, permanent or temporary, whether in the career or
non-career service, including military and police personnel, whether
or not they receive compensation, regardless of amount.
'Gift' refers to a thing or a right to dispose of gratuitously,
or any act or liberality, in favor of another who accepts it,
and shall include a simulated sale or an ostensibly onerous disposition
thereof. It shall not include an unsolicited gift of nominal or
insignificant value not given in anticipation of, or in exchange
for, a favor from a public official or employee.
'Receiving any gift' includes the act of accepting directly
or indirectly, a gift from a person other than a member of his
family or relative as defined in this Act, even on the occasion
of a family celebration or national festivity like Christmas,
if the value of the gift is neither nominal nor insignificant,
or the gift is given in anticipation of, or in exchange for, a
'Loan' covers both simple loan and commodatum as well as
guarantees, financing arrangements or accommodations intended
to ensure its approval.
'Substantial stockholder' means any person who owns, directly
or indirectly, shares of stock sufficient to elect a director
of a corporation. This term shall also apply to the parties to
a voting trust.
'Family of public officials or employees' means their spouses
and unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age.
'Person' includes natural and juridical persons unless
the context indicates otherwise.
'Conflict of interest' arises when a public official or
employee is a member of a board, an officer, or a substantial
stockholder of a private corporation or owner or has a substantial
interest in a business, and the interest of such corporation or
business, or his rights or duties therein, may be opposed to or
affected by the faithful performance of official duty.
'Divestment' is the transfer of title or disposal of interest
in property by voluntarily, completely and actually depriving
or dispossessing oneself of his right or title to it in favor
of a person or persons other than his spouse and relatives as
defined in this Act.
'Relatives' refers to any and all persons related to a
public official or employee within the fourth civil degree of
consaguinity or affinity, including bilas, inso and balae.
Documents to look for
magazines, and newsletters
family histories, genealogies, and Who's Who Directories and
of trade and professional organizations
and permits (for firearms, business, etc.)
registry records (birth, marriage, etc.)
of campaign expenditures
(arrival and departure) records